Original of India and with more than 5,000 years of antiquity, it is impossible to become an idea of which the Yoga can contribute to us without before knowing the philosophy that surrounds it.
The Yoga word comes from the snscrito and means union or integration. According to this discipline the man is a whole that includes/understands 4 different aspects: the physical part, the mental one, emotional and the spiritual one. The people feel and usually develop these aspects of their life of separated form, so that his I it is incomplete. In order to obtain the union of all the aspects in one, yoga proposes a set of directed techniques to reach an only destiny: an individual personality, where all the aspects are integrated that form our person.
The more habitual ways or techniques to reach this objective are:
The Hatha yoga, starting off of our physical part,
The Bhakti yoga, starting off of the emotional part,
The Jnaa yoga and Raja yoga, for the mental one,And the Samahdi, to unite the three previous ones.
These techniques usually are made one after the other as if it was the stages of a process. It is for that reason that most habitual is to begin with the practice of the Hatha Yoga since in our culture we are more tie to the physicist who to the spiritual thing.
Although one is not a sport, the Hatha Yoga (Yoga for the Health) is the one that you will be able to make, of initial form in center of Yoga. Its practice develops our physical part looking for the balance of the different flows from energy of our body. In fact, a session of Yoga is made up of a set of exercises based on the accomplishment of different positions that will help to obtain optimal to a muscular tone and a flexibility.
The exercises that form the Hatha Yoga can be divided in:
Asanas: It consists of the accomplishment of positions determined without making abrupt movements nor repetitions. In the Asanas, the form is but important to arrive at the correct position that the position in itself is for that reason that the movements must smooth and be controlled. The position will be due to maintain during the indicated time until the passage to the following one is indicated. With them we will work, the flexibility, the strength of the body, the balance and the mental concentration.
Bands and mudras: they are made when the student already has begun and has certain knowledge of the asanas. A little are exercises more complexes than they work on the nervous and endocrine system. Kriyas: directed to clean our body internally and to improve the balance of its vital functions. prolongation: its practice consists of following three phases of breathing (inspiration, retention and aspiration) sequential during the asana. In this part one works the balance and the concentration of the mind.
To practice this discipline implies enters a conception different from the body and the mind. The first sessions the mind enters tension to look for the indicated positions but little by little, the mind relaxes and the movements are perfected providing a beneficial harmonicon state for the health and the physical well-being.
The level of mental concentration that provides its practice remarkably reduces to accumulated stress throughout the day. Numerous studies exist that demonstrate that the Yoga prevents many common diseases such as arthritis, the asthma, the obesity, the chronic fatigue, the diabetes, etc. Relaxed the muscles and improves the elasticity of the body. It improves the circulation. It reduces the cholesterol and the level of sugar in blood. It increases the capacity of concentration of the person and contributes to the mental relaxation.
Each one must know its own limitations and those its body. It tries not forward more of the account so that the body is fortified little by little. You do not make abrupt movements nor repetitions in the positions. It tries to begin the class with the relaxed body and the mind.